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欧盟禁用饲料药物添加剂的历史和法规
王湘如,赵月,冯家伟,崔潞晴,袁宗辉,程古月,黄玲利,王玉莲,彭大鹏,王旭,戴梦红
0
(1.华中农业大学动物医学院)
摘要:
欧盟考虑到抗生素耐药性的发展和抗生素耐药基因可能从动物到人微生物的转移,决定从2006年1月1日起禁止抗生素作为生长促进剂,甚至还建议禁止在动物饲料中全面使用所有的抗菌剂。本文收集和整理了欧盟饲料药物添加剂的禁用清单和法规,介绍了欧盟禁用饲料药物添加剂的历史及其对动物健康的影响,为中国饲料药物添加剂的使用和管理提供借鉴和参考。
关键词:  欧盟  饲料药物添加剂  禁用  历史  清单  法规
DOI:
投稿时间:2019-03-21修订日期:2019-05-24
基金项目:十三五国家重点研发计划食品安全关键技术研发(No.2017YFC1600100),武汉市应用基础研究计划项目(No.2017020201010228)
History and Regulations of the Ban on Medicated Feed Additives in European Union
(1. Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan)
Abstract:
Concerning about development of antimicrobial resistance and transference of antibiotic resistance genes from animal to human microbiota, European Union decided to withdraw approval for antibiotics as growth promoters in the feeds of food-producing animals since January 1, 2006 and even recommended to ban the use of all antimicrobial agents in animal feeds. This paper collects and coordinates the detailed list and regulations of the ban of medicated feed additives in European Union. The history and impact on animal health were also described regarding the ban of medicated feed additives in food animals. It provides references for the use and management of medicated feed additives in China.
Key words:  EU  Medicated feed additives  Ban  History  Detailed list  Regulations

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